The Sid Richardson Collection of Western Art, in Fort Worth, features paintings by artists of the American West, primarily Frederic Remington and Charles M. Russell. On permanent display are fifty-two works from the collection of late oilman and philanthropist Sid W. Richardson, plus four additional works acquired since his death. Well-known paintings in the collection include Remington's The Buffalo Runners, Big Horn Basin (1909), and Russell's Buffalo Bill's Duel with Yellow Hand (1917). Richardson became interested in western art in the 1940s and asked Bertram M. Newhouse, president of Newhouse Galleries in New York City, to form a collection of western pictures for him. The gallery remained his principal dealer from 1942 until 1947, the years when he acquired the majority of his paintings. His complete collection of eighty-two paintings is owned by the Sid W. Richardson Foundation. The collection had previously been on long-term loan to the Amon Carter Museum, where it was first exhibited in January 1964. Because lack of space prevented many of the paintings from being exhibited, the collection was moved to its own museum, directed since its opening by Jan Brenneman, in order to make it more available to the public. The foundation trustees chose the museum site in downtown Fort Worth both for its convenience to downtown visitors and workers and for the compatible atmosphere of the area. The museum and foundation offices are located in a replica of an 1895 building restored by Woodward and Associates of Dallas in Sundance Square, an area of restored buildings. The museum opened on November 23, 1982, with sixteen Remingtons and thirty-four Russells on exhibit. Two Remington paintings acquired for the museum by Newhouse Galleries were added in January 1983; Scare in the Pack Train (1908) and Benighted-And a Dry Camp (1907) are two of the artist's later, slightly impressionistic works. An education program consisting of an outreach program and museum tours was officially started in 1992. In 1993 the collection acquired Remington's Among the Led Horses and in 1996 his The Love Call, both painted in 1909. In 2001 the museum had fifty-six permanent paintings, a staff of four full-time and four part-time employees, and more than 50,000 visitors a year. Funding for the museum is entirely generated by the Sid W. Richardson Foundation.

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